The World's Smallest Countries

Compiled by Charles Moffat.

This top section is a listing of "interesting countries" and includes their comparative populations and sizes, plus any special info. My personal favourite is the Pitcairn Islands, which was settled by the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions (population 46).

Bassas da India

  • Special Notes: The world's smallest country, a territory of France.
  • Size: 0.2 sq km
  • Population: 0 (The island is uninhabited.)

    Holy See/Vatican City

  • Special Notes: The world's smallest independent state.
  • Size: 0.44 sq km
  • Population: 921 (July 2005 est.)

    Monaco

  • Special Notes: Second smallest independent state in the world.
  • Size: 1.95 sq km
  • Population: 32,409 (July 2005 est.)

    Tuvalu

  • Special Notes: The smallest & most remote country on Earth (north-east of New Zealand).
  • Size: 26 sq km
  • Population: 11,636 (July 2005 est.)

    Pitcairn Islands

  • Special Notes: Settled in 1790 by the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions.
  • Size: 47 sq km
  • Population: 46 (July 2005 est.)

    San Marino

  • Special Notes: Third smallest independent state in Europe.
  • Size: 61.2 sq km
  • Population: 28,880 (July 2005 est.)

    Christmas Island

  • Special Notes: Named in 1643 for the day of its discovery. (Not to be confused with Easter Island, which is actually a province of Chile.)
  • Size: 135 sq km
  • Population: 361 (July 2005 est.)

    Sao Tome & Principe

  • Special Notes: The smallest country in Africa, offshore island.
  • Size: 1,001 sq km
  • Population: 187,410 (July 2005 est.)

    Gambia

  • Special Notes: The smallest country on the continent of Africa.
  • Size: 10,002 sq km
  • Population: 1,593,256 (July 2005 est.)

  • El Salvador
  • Special Notes: Smallest Central American country.
  • Size: 20,720 sq km
  • Population: 6,704,932 (July 2005 est.)

    Suriname

  • Special Notes: Smallest independent South American country.
  • Size: 161,470 sq km
  • Population: 438,144 (July 2005 est.)

    Uruguay

  • Special Notes: Second-smallest South American country.
  • Size: 173,620 sq km
  • Population: 3,415,920 (July 2005 est.)

    Guyana

  • Special Notes: Third-smallest South American country.
  • Size: 196,850 sq km
  • Population: 765,283 (July 2005 est.)


  • The World's Smallest Countries/Territories:
    Cyprus 						9,250 sq km
    Puerto Rico 					9,104 sq km
    French Southern and Antarctic Lands 		7,829 sq km
    West Bank 					5,860 sq km
    Brunei 						5,770 sq km	
    Trinidad and Tobago 				5,128 sq km	
    French Polynesia 				4,167 sq km	
    Cape Verde 					4,033 sq km
    South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands 	3,903 sq km
    Samoa 						2,944 sq km
    Luxembourg 					2,586 sq km
    Reunion 					2,517 sq km
    Comoros 					2,170 sq km
    Mauritius 					2,040 sq km
    Guadeloupe 					1,780 sq km
    Faroe Islands 					1,399 sq km
    Martinique 					1,100 sq km
    Hong Kong 					1,092 sq km
    Sao Tome and Principe 				1,001 sq km
    Netherlands Antilles 				960 sq km
    Kiribati 					811 sq km
    Dominica 					754 sq km
    Tonga 						748 sq km
    Micronesia, Federated States of 		702 sq km
    Singapore 					693 sq km
    Bahrain 					665 sq km
    Saint Lucia 					616 sq km
    Isle of Man 					572 sq km
    Guam 						549 sq km
    Northern Mariana Islands 			477 sq km
    Andorra 					468 sq km
    Palau 						458 sq km
    Seychelles 					455 sq km
    Antigua and Barbuda 				443 sq km
    Barbados 					431 sq km
    Turks and Caicos Islands 			430 sq km
    Heard Island and McDonald Islands 		412 sq km
    Saint Helena 					410 sq km
    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 		389 sq km
    Mayotte 					374 sq km
    Jan Mayen 					373 sq km
    Gaza Strip 					360 sq km
    Virgin Islands 					352 sq km
    Grenada 					344 sq km
    Malta 						316 sq km
    Maldives 					300 sq km
    Wallis and Futuna 				274 sq km
    Cayman Islands 					262 sq km
    Saint Kitts and Nevis 				261 sq km
    Niue 						260 sq km
    Saint Pierre and Miquelon 			242 sq km
    Cook Islands 					240 sq km
    American Samoa 					199 sq km
    Aruba 						193 sq km
    Marshall Islands 				181 sq km
    Liechtenstein 					160 sq km
    British Virgin Islands 				153 sq km
    Christmas Island 				135 sq km
    Dhekelia 					131 sq km
    Akrotiri 					123 sq km
    Jersey 						116 sq km
    Anguilla 					102 sq km
    Montserrat 					102 sq km
    Guernsey 					78 sq km
    San Marino 					61 sq km
    British Indian Ocean Territory 			60 sq km
    Bouvet Island 					59 sq km
    Bermuda 					53 sq km
    Pitcairn Islands 				47 sq km
    Norfolk Island 					35 sq km
    Europa Island 					28 sq km
    Tuvalu 						26 sq km
    Macau 						25 sq km
    Nauru 						21 sq km
    Cocos (Keeling) Islands 			14 sq km
    Palmyra Atoll 					12 sq km
    Tokelau 					10 sq km
    Gibraltar 					7 sq km
    Wake Island 					7 sq km
    Midway Islands 					6 sq km
    Clipperton Island 				6 sq km
    Navassa Island 					5 sq km
    Ashmore and Cartier Islands 			5 sq km
    Glorioso Islands 				5 sq km
    Spratly Islands 				5 sq km
    Jarvis Island 					5 sq km	
    Juan de Nova Island 				4 sq km	
    Coral Sea Islands 				3 sq km	
    Johnston Atoll 					3 sq km	
    Monaco 						2 sq km	
    Howland Island 					2 sq km	
    Baker Island 					1 sq km	
    Kingman Reef 					1 sq km	
    Tromelin Island 				1 sq km	
    Holy See (Vatican City) 			0.44 sq km	
    Bassas da India 				0.2 sq km
    

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